How do we know about ancient Egypt and the daily life of ancient Egyptians?
When we dig up tombs of ancient pharaohs, like the one of King Tut, we find clues about how the ancient Egyptians lived based on the artifacts they left behind. We've discovered mummified pharaohs buried with gold, jewelry, weapons, and other artifacts from when they lived.
Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New Kingdom
There were three important periods in the history of Ancient Egypt.
In the Old Kingdom the pharaohs had a strong central government and built the great pyramids we see today. It is known as the Age of the Pyramids.
The Middle Kingdom was a time of achievement in literature, art, and architecture. It is known as the Period of Reunification because it brought ancient Egypt out of chaos and disunity.
The New Kingdom was a time where trade increased and ancient Egypt was the most powerful it had ever been. This time period is known as Egypt's Golden Age.
Here is a diagram of the different dynasties of ancient Egypt to help you out.
Daily Life of Ancient Egypt
By digging up tombs, we learned that the ancient Egyptians had strong religious beliefs and enjoyed huge festivals and ceremonies. We learned they valued family life, and that men and women had different family roles, just as they do today. Women enjoyed more freedom that most others in the ancient world.
Ancient Egyptians believed in the afterlife. When they buried someone, they would also bury food, jewelry, furniture, statues, games, clothes, and other items that they believed would be needed in the afterlife.
We also figured out the system of social classes that they lived by. Click the to the next page to continue our journey into the lives of ancient Egyptians!