The population of ancient Egypt was divided into groups of people with different jobs and responsibilities to society. These social classes were structured as a pyramid with six levels. This social pyramid shows the levels of each social class in terms of importance.
The two top levels, the Pharaoh and Government Officials, were the most powerful and wealthy. The bottom level, the peasants, were the largest social class and were the workers that were the farmers and construction workers.
There are six sections of the social pyramid. Which one do you want to learn more about? Remember: The suggested next page is in the bottom left hand corner.
Opinions of Social Classes
There were six social classes in ancient Egypt. Do you think these classes exist today, either as social classes or jobs? Before you answer, think about the life of people in social classes, such as the peasants being poor and the pharaoh having feasts. Are these social classes and jobs similar to jobs and classes today?
Shape of a Social Pyramid
A pyramid starts small at the top and ends larger at the bottom. What do you think this means about the population of ancient Egypt in each social group?